THE TOUR OF TWO CAPITALS - TBILISI & MTSKHETA

 

Explore Tbilisi, the city of ancient culture which has been dominated by traders and warriors, but hasnt lost its individuality and sharm. Take a walk around the old town and breathe in the living past. Visit its most important cultural and historical sites.

Then depart to the former capital of Georgia Mtskheta. Its located at the confluence of the Aragvi and Mtkvari rivers. Mtskheta, one of the oldest towns in Georgia has been populated since the second millennium BC. It was the capital of the Eastern Georgian Kingdom of Iberia from the third century BC. It is thought that the name “Mtskheta” comes from the name of the “father of all Georgians, the son of Kartlos, Mtskhetos”. Mtskheta is designated as  a living museum and UNESCO World Heritage Site.



Sites to visit:

  • metechi church (12th -13th cc)was built  under the order of king Demetre the 2nd ('The Devoted'), although the former church stood here already in 5th century. This area was considered both religious and royal site, as in 12th century royal palace was moved near the church.
  • District of Sulphur bath houses
  • sioni Cathedral (7th -19th cc)was started in 500. The cathedral has been ransacked, and damaged many times through its history. Despite all the havoc and destruction sioni has survived and in such terms may be judged as a symbol for the city as a whole.
  • Rustaveli Avenue
  • anchiskhati basilica and bell tower (6th -18th cc)
  • jvari Church (6th-7th cc) -  a masterpiece of the early Medieval Period. This example of classic tetra conch design with all its miniature size, strikes the viewers with its grandeur and integrity.
    svetitskhoveli Cathedral which may be translated as "The Life-giving pillar", is the main church of Mtskheta and a sacred place where the robe of Christ is being kept. 11th cc